India Seeks Faster Extradition Of Fugitive Economic Offenders At G20 Meet
India on Wednesday emphasised on multilateral action rather than bilateral coordination to ensure the faster extradition of fugitive economic offenders and recovery of stolen assets from abroad during the anti-corruption working group meeting of G20 nations in Gurugram.
The assertion assumes significance as the country has been putting in efforts to extradite fugitive economic offenders, including diamond merchant Nirav Modi and businessman Vijay Mallya, from different countries.
In the inaugural session of the important anti-graft meet, Union Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh said the corrupt find a way to park their proceeds of crime and “it is such money that is pushed into evil activities”.
“This is one of the major sources of terror funding. From illegal drugs that destroy young lives to human trafficking, from weakening democracies to sale of illegal arms, this dirty money funds many destructive enterprises,” he said.
Mr Singh said there is a need for the global community to work even faster for the recovery of assets through proactive sharing of information between the G20 countries.
“Therefore, for better coordination, streamlining of judicial processes and timely disposal of cases, there is a requirement for multilateral action rather than bilateral coordination, which proves to be more complex and presents obstacles in making progress on cases related to fugitive economic offenders and recovery of related assets,” the minister said.
According to the Directorate of Enforcement, since 2014, the fugitive economic offenders, viz. Vijay Mallya, Nirav Modi, Mehul Choksi, Nitin Jayantilal Sandesara, Chetan Kumar Jayantilal Sandesara, Dipti Chetan Sandesara and Hitesh Kumar Narendrabhai Patel are wanted in financial crimes involving thousands of crores of rupees.
Nirav Modi is wanted in India to stand trial on fraud and money laundering charges in over Rs 6,400 crore Punjab National Bank (PNB) loan scam case and Mallya is facing charges in Rs 9,000 crore loan default case involving his disbanded Kingfisher Airlines.
The Union minister said there have been numerous instances of financial or banking frauds that were investigated under relevant statutory provisions that involved high net worth individuals where the proceeds of crime involved was more than $1 billion.
During the course of investigation, it was found that the offenders fled the country before or after detection of offence and as a result, their passports were revoked with a view to restrict their movement, the minister said.
“The Enforcement Directorate has transferred assets worth about $180 billion to public sector banks that suffered losses to the tune of around $272 billion due to frauds committed allegedly by high-net-worth individuals,” Mr Singh said.
Even after initiating the process of getting information from foreign countries on assets through Letters Rogatory (LR), the process of extradition was found to be highly complex and time-consuming that led to delay in investigation and trial of offences, he said.
“It is our considered view that strengthening of mechanisms for speedy confiscation of the proceeds of crime, both at home and abroad, will force the offenders to return to their home country,” the minister said.
This will allow for an effective investigation and speedy trial for the related offence, he added.
“This would also help the banks and other financial institutions and tax authorities to achieve recovery from defaults committed by such FEOs, thus restoring, to some extent the overall health of these banks and other financial institutions, while eliminating the possibility of further misuse of these funds,” Mr Singh said.
He said corruption is a complex social, political, and economic challenge affecting all countries and in a globalised world, corruption has ramifications well beyond the G20.
Mr Singh said it adversely impacts the effective utilization of resources, creates market distortions, adversely impacts the quality of life of citizens, impacting the benefits of globalisation and consequently, economic growth and overall governance and most disproportionately affecting the poor and most marginalised.
He said Prime Minister Narendra Modi has envisioned developing such an administrative ecosystem for a developed India, which has zero tolerance for corruption.
“Taking inspiration from him, India’s presidency will aim to focus on pragmatic action-oriented steps in addressing the wider implications of corruption to strengthen international cooperation on anti-corruption matters and deepen the G20 commitment towards countering the corrupt actors and corruption,” the minister said.
As the primary forum for global economic cooperation, the G20 has to take responsibility to lead global efforts towards battling the menace of corruption, he said.
Since its inception in 2010, the G20 anti-corruption working group (ACWG) has been at the forefront of addressing all forms of corruption, Mr Singh said. “The Indian G20 Presidency will build on the robust foundation laid in the G20 ACWG during the previous presidencies and further strengthen the G20 nations’ commitment to ensuring zero tolerance against corruption,” the minister said.
He said the Prime Minister has stated at numerous occasions that “a safe and secure world is our shared responsibility” and that “when the forces of good cooperate, the forces of crime cannot operate”.
The minister emphasised that India’s G20 Presidency will focus on providing an effective, efficient, and responsive mechanism on asset recovery and information sharing between the G20 countries.
“It is important that all the state parties reflect the same determination against corruption,” Mr Singh said and added that the working group under the co-chairship of Italy “will come up with substantial outcomes aimed at preventing and combatting corruption”.
The minister said that India has taken initiatives such as the ‘Direct Benefit Transfer’ (DBT) which has won the country global accolades.
“The IMF described DBT as a ‘logistical marvel’ that ensures efficiency and transparency, and eliminates intermediaries in the delivery of funds to the targeted beneficiaries. Additionally, the Government e-Marketplace (GeM) is another marquee initiative that has been launched by India to usher an era of transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement,” he said.
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